Kelly’s poked finish deep into the second period of extra time sealed a 2-1 victory over Germany in front of more than 87,000 fans at Wembley.
That was only the 24-year-old’s second England goal, after a strike in a recent friendly.
The forward missed almost a year of football due to an ACL injury, only returning in the final stage of the 2021/22 season.
Having seen her rehabilitation first hand, Taylor was delighted to see Kelly make such an impact on a global stage.
Speaking to the BBC, he also wanted to congratulate Keira Walsh for the defence splitting pass that created England’s opening goal.
“We’re really proud,” he said.
“Manchester teams had a big impact in that final, with Ella Toone scoring the first and Chloe getting the winner.
“The moment of quality from Keira Walsh too. That was one of the best passes you will see for a long time. To do that in a final, that goal would probably have been fitting to win a final but I thought they showed amazing character to fight back.
“Anybody that knows Chloe Kelly will say that she deserved that moment, she’s had such a tough last season with her injury. She’s an unbelievable person and player to work with.
“She’s been supported so well by the medical team at the club and we’re really proud of her that she got that moment to finish it off yesterday.”
The full house at Wembley on Sunday night is the largest attendance at a European Championship match, across men’s and women’s football.
England also opened the tournament in front of a capacity crowd at Old Trafford back on 6 July, while attendances remained high throughout.
Asked about the momentum this can provide for women’s football, Taylor highlighted the amount of work happening to build the game from grassroots level right up to the Barclays Women’s Super League.
He summarised: “There’s still a lot of work to do, it never stops. There needs to be constant progression. I have seen a lot of changes in the two years that I have been in the women’s game.
“Before that it was really difficult to access a game, even big clubs playing each other, there just wasn’t any coverage.
“It’s got to improve, no doubt but there are a lot of people who really care about the game and their responsibility is to really push it, and to get the levels and the standards much higher.”